Transport in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Roads in BiH

Bosnia and Herzegovina has facilities for road, rail, and air transport. There are five international road routes and 20 state highways, with bus connections to many countries. Railways total just over 1,000 km with links to Croatia and Serbia. There are 25 airports, seven of them with paved runways. The Sava River is navigable, but its use is limited.


  • total: 21,846 km
    • paved: 11,425 km (4,686 km of interurban roads)
    • unpaved: 10,421 km (2006)



State highways[edit]

  • Route 1
    • Route 1-8
  • Route 2
  • Route 5
  • Route 6
    • Route 6-1
  • Route 14
    • Route 14-1
    • Route 14-2
  • Route 15
  • Route 16
    • Route 16-2
  • Route 17
  • Route 18
  • Route 19
    • Route 19-2
    • Route 19-4
  • Route 20

National and international bus services[edit]

Bosnia & Herzegovina is well connected to other countries in Europe. The main bus station of Sarajevo has its own website.[1] The main provider of international bus connection in Bosnia & Herzegovina is Eurolines.[2] There are routes to Croatia, Germany, Austria, France, Netherlands, Montenegro, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden and Serbia. Despite Bosnia & Herzegovina's geographical closeness to Serbia, there is only one bus a day, which takes more than 8 hours due to the lack of proper roads.[3]


  • Total: 1,032 km standard gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) (2006)

Rail links with adjacent countries[edit]


Sava River (northern border) open to shipping but use is limited (2008)

Ports and harbours[edit]

Gradiška, Brod, Šamac, and Brčko (all inland waterway ports on the Sava none of which are fully operational), Orašje, Bosnia

Merchant marine[edit]

none (1999 est.)


Air transport begin in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the period of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia when the flag-carrier Aeroput inaugurated a regular flight linking the national capital Belgrade with Podgorica in 1930, with a stop in Sarajevo. A year later Aeroput inaugurated another regular flight starting in Belgrade and then stopping in Sarajevo and continuing towards Split, Sušak and Zagreb. By mid-1930s Aeroput inaugurated two routes linking Belgrade and Zagreb with Dubrovnik through Sarajevo, and, in 1938, it inaugurated an international route linking Dubrovnik, which was becoming a major holiday destination, through Sarajevo, to Zagreb, Vienna, Brno and Prague.[4]

25 (2008)

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

total: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

total: 18
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 10 (2008)


6 (2013)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Sarajevo Main Bus Station". Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  2. ^ "Eurolines Bosnia & Herzegovina". Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  3. ^ "Travel Balkans". Retrieved 2016-11-15.
  4. ^ Drustvo za Vazdusni Saobracaj A D – Aeroput at

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website

External links[edit]

We recommend to use for travel shuttle bus transfers in Bosnia and Hercegovina. It is one of the easiest ways to travel here.