Brigette Lin Ching-hsia
3 November 1954
Brigitte Lin Ching-hsia (Chinese: 林青霞; pinyin: Lín Qīngxiá; born 3 November 1954) is a Taiwanese actress. She is regarded as an icon of Chinese language cinema for her extensive and varied roles in both Taiwanese and Hong Kong films.
Lin was born in Chiayi, Taiwan. She was scouted in 1972 on the streets of Taipei by a film producer after she finished women's high school and was preparing for university. Lin debuted in the film adaptation of Chiung Yao's Outside the Window (1973), which propelled her into stardom. Lin, along with Joan Lin, Charlie Chin and Chin Han, thus became known as the "Two Chins, Two Lins" (二秦二林) for their extensive roles in romantic movies of the 1970s based on Chiung's novels that dominated the Taiwanese box office. She subsequently joined Chiung Yao's company in 1976 and, by 1982, had played the lead in 12 of her films.
After having worked on more than 50 films within the first seven years of her career, Lin took a hiatus from acting in 1979 and moved to the US for a year and a half.
Known for being a "screen goddess" by Chinese film lovers, Lin's early collaborations with Hong Kong New Wave directors Ringo Lam, Tsui Hark and Jackie Chan in Love Massacre (1981), Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain (1983), Police Story (1985) and Peking Opera Blues (1986) brought her success. In 1990, she won the Best Actress trophy at the 27th Golden Horse Awards for her depiction of a Chinese female writer who fell in love with a Japanese collaborator in Red Dust (1990).
It was common for women to cross dress as male characters in Chinese movies and operas. And Lin is particularly well known for her androgynous roles, her earliest being Jia Baoyu, the male protagonist of the 1977 film adaptation of Dream of the Red Chamber. In Peking Opera Blues (1986), she was a guerrilla revolutionary and in Royal Tramp II (1992), she was the leader of the Heavenly Dragon Sect, both of whom were women characters dressed as men. And in Ashes of Time (1994), she played twin brother/sister duo Yin and Yang. However, she is perhaps most well known for her role as Dongfang Bubai in Swordsman II (1992). Swordsman II marked the peak of her career in terms of box office earnings for which she was listed among the 10 greatest performances in Cinema of all time, by Time magazine. 
At the height of her popularity, Lin was inarguably one of the most sought-after actresses in the Chinese film industry. She starred in more than 100 movies. Lin was credited for boosting Taiwan's film production in the 1970s before earning even greater popularity in Hong Kong in the 1990s, becoming a trans-island legend of her time.
She retired from acting in 1994. Her last acting role was in Ashes of Time (1994).
In 2015, Lin made an appearance as a regular cast member in Up Idol, a 12 episode Chinese reality show on Hunan Television.
|Year||English Title||Chinese title||Role||Notes|
|1973||Outside the Window||窗外||Jiang Yanrong|
|1974||Gone with the Cloud||雲飄飄||Li Zhongjiang|
|Ghost of the Mirror||古鏡幽魂||Susu|
|Love, Love, Love||純純的愛||Lin Chunchun|
|The River of Cloudy||雲河||Liang Xinlan|
|Female Reporter||女記者||Shen Fuhui|
|The House of Love||愛的小屋||Xiao Yu|
|Green Green Meadow||青青草原上||Fang Menglan|
|Long Way from Home||長情萬縷||Lin Shanshan|
|1975||Misty Drizzle||煙雨||Ji Chunxia|
|The Life God||雲深不知處||White-clothed girl|
|Xiao Yi Huai Chun||小姨怀春||Wan Qing|
|Run Lover Run||愛情長跑||Shui Liping|
|Hot Wave||熱浪||Xia Xiaoyu|
|The Unforgettable Character||在水一方||Tu Hsiao-shuang|
|He Loved Once Too Many||水雲||Shui Jiao|
|Love Story of Pian Pian||翩翩情||Pian Pian|
|The Forest of Forever||長青樹||Luo Yanan|
|1976||Eight Hundred Heroes||八百壯士||Yang Huimin|
|Autumn Song||秋歌||Dong Zhiyun|
|The Chasing Game||追球追求||Fang Meihan|
|Tomorrow I'm 20||明天二十歲|
|Love Kungfu||戀愛功夫||Xia Xiaoyun|
|The Beauty with Two Faces||海天一色|
|Love Forever||海誓山盟||Yi Lian|
|Today and Tomorrow||昨夜，今夜，明夜|
|Forever My Love||楓葉情||Li Jinwen|
|Different Love||不一樣的愛||Song Xiaoyu|
|My Funny Intern||鬼馬俏醫生||Fang Jie|
|1977||Come Fly With Me||我是一沙鷗||Liu Yanmei|
|The Cloud of Romance||我是一片雲||Tuan Wanlu|
|The Dream of the Red Chamber||金玉良緣紅樓夢||Jia Baoyu|
|There's No Place Like Home||異鄉夢||Ye Hualing|
|The Love Affair of Rainbow||奔向彩虹||Xiao Hong|
|My Sweet Love||溫馨在我心||Li Huifang|
|Orchid in the Rain||幽蘭在雨中||Qiu Meng|
|1978||The Misty Moon||月朦朧鳥朦朧||Liu Lingshan|
|Love of the White Snake||真白蛇傳||Madam White Snake|
|Morning Fog||晨雾||Du Xiaowu|
|Moon on the Beach||沙灘上的月亮||Luo Xiaolu|
|A Journey of Love||無情荒地有情天||Yin Meizhen|
|Birds Are Singing Everywhere||處處聞啼鳥||Shen Yalun|
|The Story of Green House||綠色山莊||Fang Yizhu|
|1979||The Wild Goose on the Wing||雁兒在林梢||Tao Lifan|
|Love Under a Rosy Sky||彩霞满天||Yin Tsai-Chin|
|A Love Seed||一顆紅豆||Xia Chulei|
|Cheng Gong Ling Shang||成功嶺上|
|The Choice of Love||一片深情||Wen Jiayi|
|By Love Obsessed||情奔||Ruo Ping|
|An Unforgettable Day||難忘的一天||Tian Yuqiu|
|Poor Chasers||戀愛反斗星||Shen Rong|
|The Women Soldiers||中國女兵||Wen Jingyi|
|1982||Fantasy Mission Force||紅粉兵團||Fang Huijun|
|Burn Phoenix Burn||燃燒吧！火鳥||Wei Yanran|
|Pink Force Commando||紅粉遊俠||Hu Fangling|
|Lily Under the Muzzle||槍口下的小百合||Xiao Han|
|The Deadly Angels||脂粉奇兵|
|Hero vs Hero||慧眼識英雄||Shen Liangbai|
|1983||Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain||新蜀山劍俠傳||Ice Queen|
|All the Wrong Spies||我愛夜來香||Ying Hong|
|Four Shy Guy||四傻害羞||Mo Hailun|
|Black and White Pearl||黑白珠||Guan Xuezhu|
|1983 Da Jing Qi||1938大驚奇|
|Dragon Attack||迷你特攻隊||Lei Li|
|1984||The Other Side of Gentleman||君子好逑||Jojo|
|Victims of the Assassin||情人看刀||Ling'er|
|Seven Foxes||七隻狐貍||Miss Lin|
|1985||Police Story||警察故事||Selina Fong|
|1986||Peking Opera Blues||刀馬旦||Tsao Wan|
|Dream Lovers||夢中人||Cheng Yuet-heung|
|1987||Lady in Black||奪命佳人||Chan Mei-fung|
|The Thirty Million Dollar Rush||橫財三千萬||Sister Maria|
|Flag of Honor||旗正飄飄||Qin Feng|
|1988||Starry is the Night||今夜星光燦爛||To Cai-mei|
|1989||Web of Deception||驚魂記||Jane Lin|
|1990||Red Dust||滾滾紅塵||Shen Shaohua|
|1992||Swordsman II||笑傲江湖之東方不敗||Dongfang Bubai|
|Handsome Siblings||刀劍笑||Hua Wuque|
|New Dragon Gate Inn||新龍門客棧||Yau Mo-yan|
|Royal Tramp||鹿鼎記||So Chuen||Cameo|
|Royal Tramp II||鹿鼎記II神龍教||Long'er|
|Secret Love for the Peach Blossom Spring||暗戀桃花源||Yun Zhifan|
|1993||Swordsman III||東方不敗之風雲再起||Dongfang Bubai|
|Boys Are Easy||追男仔||Ching Siu-tung|
|The Bride with White Hair||白髮魔女傳||Lian Nichang|
|The Bride with White Hair 2||白髮魔女傳2||Lian Nichang|
|The Black Panther Warriors||黑豹天下||Ching-ching|
|The Eagle Shooting Heroes||射鵰英雄傳之東成西就||Third Princess|
|1994||Ashes of Time||東邪西毒||Murong Yang / Murong Yin / Dugu Qiubai|
|Chungking Express||重慶森林||Woman in blonde wig|
|Fire Dragon||火雲傳奇||Fire Dragon / Ying Ha|
|Semi-Gods and Semi-Devils||新天龍八部之天山童姥||Lei Chau-shui / Lei Chong-hoi|
|The Three Swordsmen||刀劍笑||Ming-kim|
|Deadful Melody||六指琴魔||Huang Xuemei|
|2015||Up Idol||偶像来了||Herself||Reality show|
Awards and nominations
|1975||Asia-Pacific Film Festival||Best Actress||Eight Hundred Heroes||Won|
|1980||Golden Horse Awards||Magnificent 72||Nominated|
|1982||Hero vs Hero||Nominated|
|1984||Hong Kong Film Award||Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain||Nominated|
|1990||Golden Horse Awards||Red Dust||Won|
|1993||Hong Kong Film Award||Swordsman II||Nominated|
|Golden Phoenix Awards||Outstanding Achievement Award||Won|
|2010||Iron Elephant Film Award||Best Supporting Actress||Ashes of Time||Nominated|
|2018||Far East Film Festival||Golden Mulberry Lifetime Achievement Award||Won|
- The Last Star of the East: Brigitte Lin Ching Hsia and Her Films (2005)
- 窗裏窗外 Inside and outside the window (2011) 
- 雲去雲來 Cloud Goes, Cloud Comes (2014)
- "Hong Kong Icon Brigitte Lin on Her Career, Wuxia and #MeToo: 'It Cleanses the Film Industry'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
- "Ministry of Culture-Filmmakers & Performers". www.moc.gov.tw. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
- "Brigitte Lin, a timeless national treasure". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
- He Ying (何颖) (2008). "Brigitte Lin, Legend of the Ageless Beautiful Girl" 《林青霞，不老的玉女传奇》. 《快乐阅读》 [Happy Reading]. Gao Zhong Sheng (in Chinese). Changsha, Hunan: Hunan Education Press. p. 6. ISSN 1671-329X.
- "Brigitte Lin: Writing Her Own Role". China Pictorial.
- Yang, Jeff; Black, Art (2003). Once Upon a Time in China: A Guide to Hong Kong, Taiwanese, and Mainland Chinese Cinema. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7434-4817-8.
- "Screen icon Lin Ching-Hsia". CRI English.
- "Filmart Flashback: In 1977, Brigitte Lin Secured Her Gender-Fluid Legacy in 'Dream of the Red Chamber'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
- "MOVIE REVIEW : 'Peking' Bursting With Feminist Wit". Los Angeles Times. 1993-06-25. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
- "Is Full List one of the All-TIME 100 Best Movies?". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2020-11-27.
- migration (2014-11-10). "Lin Ching-hsia tells on a suitor who stood her up for Teresa Teng". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
- "Taiwanese screen goddess Brigitte Lin, 65 and young at heart". South China Morning Post. 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
- "Golden Phoenix Awards, China (1993)". IMDb. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
- Akiko., Tetsuya (2005). The last star of the East : Brigitte Lin Ching Hsia and her films. Los Angeles, Calif.: Akiko Tetsuya. ISBN 0976487128. OCLC 60449219.
- 1954-, Lin, Qingxia; 1954-, 林青霞. Yun qu yun lai (Di 1 ban ed.). Guilin Shi. ISBN 7549559503. OCLC 899206278.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Legendary film star Lin Ching-hsia releases memoirs". Ecns.cn.
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